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is a medical condition characterised by an inflammation of the liver. It can be caused by viruses or toxins such as alcohol, medications or solvents.

Hepatitis A is a version of the disease which is caused by a particular virus of that name, usually spread by human faeces entering the food chain. Tens of millions of people are affected each year around the world, the vast majority of whom recover naturally, the death rate being around 0.5%.

Symptoms include fatigue, fever, abdominal pain, loss of appetite and jaundice. An effective vaccination is available and generally recommended to all travellers.

Hepatitis B is an essentially similar disease, but which is caused by a different strain of virus. There is also a vaccination, but it tends to be only recommended for travellers on longer trips of two months or more, particularly for teachers involved with children on medial professionals in regular contact with blood.

Read more about hepatitis in Wikipedia.

Disclaimer : Please note that all of the information on this page and elsewhere in the health section of our website is provided for information only. We suggest that you always refer to a health professional when seeking medical advice.
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