, also sometimes referred to as the Great Migration or the Wildebeest Migration, is an enormous year round movement of animals, in which close on 2.5 million herbivores munch their way along an 800km route around the greater Serengeti
area of northwest Tanzania, occasionally dipping into the Maasai Mara
area of southwest Kenya.
The main body of the migration is formed by around 1.7 million wildebeest, who are rather dull-headed creatures. It is the 500,000 zebras who appear to be the main decision makers in terms of routes and timings.
This mass movement is driven by the continuous search for drinking water and quality grazing, which is in turn dictated by the seasonal pattern of rainfall and the underlying soil conditions.
The migration is accessible for most of the year, although you do very much have to plan your safari to be in the right places at the right times. The three main highlights are the river crossings Jun/Oct, the calving season Dec/Mar, the rut Mar/May.The best locations and dates for migration river crossingsThe best locations and dates for migration calving seasonThe best locations and dates for migration rutting season