The safari experts
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If you only read two of our pages on health before you travel to Africa, then they should be this one on
and the one on malaria.

All travellers to Africa should visit their doctor at least a month in advance in order to check whether they need any vaccinations. The official advice for vaccinations changes regularly, so even people who have been to the tropics recently should check again with their health professional.

Common vaccines ...

Tetanus, polio and diptheria : Now often given as a single all-in-one vaccine, Revaxis, which lasts up to ten years.

Hepatitis A : Under brand names such as Havrix, Monodose and Avaxim, this vaccine comprises two injections given about a year apart. It can be given quite close to the time of departure and lasts for around 25 years.

Typhoid : The newer injectable typhoid vaccines such as Typhim Vi last for three years and are about 85% effective. Oral capsules such as Vivotif need to be taken over the course of a week or so and give up to five years protection.

Tuberculosis : Most people will have had the BCG injection as a child. It is in doubt whether it works in adults, so advice from clinicians varies considerably.

Yellow fever : This disease is endemic in most countries of western, central and eastern Africa. A certificate of vaccination is required at many borders. Check the section on yellow fever for more details.

Less common vaccines ...

Hepatitus B : This vaccine is less commonly recommended, usually only for trips of two months or more, particularly when involved with children or contact with blood. Three injections are needed, which can be given over a three week period if time is pressing.

Meningitis : This vaccine is usually recommended for longer trips, but increasingly for all travellers. Ideally it should be the version containing strains A C W and Y, but the A and C version is better than nothing.

Rabies : This is only usually recommended for travellers on longer trips and to areas remote from healthcare facilities, especially for people working with animals.

In addition it is likely that you will need to take tablets to prevent malaria.

Further information ...

For further advice refer to the following websites ...

US :
UK :

Disclaimer : Please note that all of the information on this page and elsewhere in the health section of our website is provided for information only. We suggest that you always refer to a health professional when seeking medical advice.
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